Thousands flee Gaza's main hospital but hundreds, including babies, still trapped by fighting

People stand outside the emergency ward at Al-Shifa Hospital, Gaza City
WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said Shifa has been without water for three days and "is not functioning as a hospital anymore" (image: Khader Al Zanoun/AFP/Getty Images)

Thousands of people appear to have fled from Gaza's largest hospital as Israeli forces and Palestinian militants battle outside its gates, but hundreds of patients, including dozens of babies at risk of dying because of a lack of electricity, remained inside, health officials said on Monday. 

With only intermittent communications, it was difficult to reconcile competing claims from the Israeli military, which said it was providing a safe corridor for people to move south, and Palestinian health officials inside the hospital, who said the compound was surrounded by constant heavy gunfire. 

The military also said it had placed 300 litres of fuel near the hospital to help power its generators, but that Hamas militants had prevented staff from reaching it. 

The Health Ministry in Hamas-ruled Gaza disputed that, and said the fuel would have provided less than an hour of electricity. 

World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said Shifa has been without water for three days and "is not functioning as a hospital anymore", in a post on social media. 

Both sides have seized on the hospital's plight as a symbol of the larger war, now in its sixth week. 

The fighting was triggered by Hamas' unprecedented October 7 surprise attack into Israel, and Israel's response has brought unseen levels of death and destruction to Gaza's 2.3 million Palestinian residents, nearly two-thirds of whom have had to flee their homes with no safe refuge available in the besieged territory. 

For Palestinians, Shifa evokes the suffering of civilians. Doctors running low on supplies perform surgery on war-wounded patients, including children, without anaesthesia.

Thousands of people displaced by airstrikes that have destroyed entire city blocks have sought shelter in its darkened corridors.

Israel says the hospital is the prime example of Hamas's alleged use of human shields, claiming – without evidence – that the militants have a command centre and other military infrastructure in and beneath the medical compound. 

Hamas and hospital staff deny those allegations. 

Mohammed Zaqout, the director of hospitals in Gaza, says there are about 650 patients and critically wounded people in Shifa being treated by around 500 medical staff. He estimated that around 2,500 displaced Palestinians are sheltering inside hospital buildings. 

On Saturday, the Health Ministry estimated that some 3,000 medics and patients, as well as 15,000 to 20,000 displaced people, were sheltering there. 

A U.N. health official said many displaced families and patients with moderate injuries fled Shifa as Israeli forces encircled the hospital over the weekend. The official, who was not authorised to brief reporters and so spoke on condition of anonymity, said most of the remaining patients could only be relocated with ambulances and other special procedures. 

It is unclear where they would go, as several hospitals and clinics in Gaza have been forced to shut down, while others are already working at full capacity with dwindling supplies. 

The Health Ministry says three babies and four other patients have died since the hospital's emergency generator ran out of fuel on Saturday. 

It said another 36 babies and other patients are at risk of dying because there is no way to power life-saving medical equipment. 

The Israeli military said troops would assist in moving babies on Sunday, without saying how it would transport them or where they would be relocated. There was no indication on Monday that any had been moved. 

Medical Aid for Palestinians, a U.K.-based charity that has supported Shifa's neonatal intensive care unit, said transferring critically ill infants is complex. 

"With ambulances unable to reach the hospital ... and no hospital with capacity to receive them, there is no indication of how this can be done safely," CEO Melanie Ward said. She said the only option was to pause the fighting and allow in fuel. 

Christos Christou, the president of Doctors Without Borders, an international aid group, told CBS' "Face the Nation" it would take weeks to evacuate the patients. 

The U.S. has pushed for temporary pauses that would allow for wider distribution of badly needed aid to civilians in the territory, where conditions are increasingly dire. But Israel has only agreed to brief daily periods during which civilians can flee ground combat in northern Gaza and head south on foot along two main roads. 

Israel continues to strike what it says are militant targets across southern Gaza, often killing women and children. 

More than 11,000 Palestinians, two-thirds of them women and minors, have been killed since the war began, according to the Health Ministry in Gaza, which does not differentiate between civilian and militant deaths. About 2,700 people have been reported missing. 

Health officials, many of whom work out of Shifa, have not updated that toll since Friday because of the difficulty of accessing hard-hit areas and collecting information. 

At least 1,200 people have been killed on the Israeli side, mostly civilians killed in the initial Hamas attack. Palestinian militants are holding nearly 240 hostages seized in the raid, including men, women, children and older adults. The military says 48 soldiers have been killed in ground operations in Gaza. 

About 250,000 Israelis have evacuated from communities near Gaza, where Palestinian militants are still firing barrages of rockets, and along the northern border with Lebanon, where Israel and the Hezbollah militant group have repeatedly traded fire, risking a wider conflict. 

Attacks by Hezbollah on Sunday wounded seven Israeli troops and ten others, Israel's military and rescue services said.    (AP)