Welcome to the Persian sound laboratory
Peter, what exactly is "House No. 4"?
Mehdi "Peter" Pirhosseinlou: House No. 4 is actually a real house. It is located in the city centre of Tehran and bears the house number 4. By Tehran standards, it is quite an old house, about 100 years old, traditionally built with an inner courtyard. It is a small oasis surrounded by skyscrapers and new buildings.
I discovered it five years ago and decided to rent it together with a friend. Both of us were already active as artists in Tehran at the time: he as a painter and photographer, I as a musician. We set up a studio and a stage in the house and invited artist friends of ours to join us in practicing and giving performances.
Our door was always open and House No. 4 gradually became a meeting place for the city's independent art scene. It was a unique location where artists could freely exchange ideas across artistic genres and genre boundaries, work on joint projects and simply get to know new people. The project has retained its networking and platform character to this day.
But I understand the project has since expanded beyond the walls of the original House No. 4.
Pirhosseinlou: Yes, the house still exists as a kind of headquarters, but these days the artists′ collective is also active in other venues.
How did this come about?
Pirhosseinlou: It all began when we started organising concerts, theatre performances, exhibitions and workshops in the house. Over time we simply became more professional. We didn′t set out to achieve that, it just happened. As if by magic, House No. 4 developed its own dynamic! More and more people joined us and soon we simply ran out of space. As a result we were forced to look around for new venues. So we began giving concerts and holding music festivals in small private galleries, concert halls, studio theatres and cafes. But that all happened "underground" – with no official registration. These days, some of our events are even granted a permit by the authorities.
What is the difference between the official and the underground scene in Iran?
Pirhosseinlou: If you perform officially as an artist in Iran, regardless of genre, you have to have your work checked by a government agency. Censorship is the norm: books, plays, song lyrics, photographs, films, paintings – nothing is allowed to cause offence, political, religious or otherwise. Women are particularly restricted in their public appearances.
In the "underground" scene, you are freer artistically, but at the same time you have much less reach and, by extension, fewer career prospects. However, the boundaries are blurred, because many artists are active in both an official and an underground capacity. Moreover, there are certain lines you may not cross even as an "underground" artist, because what you do is never completely hidden.
Doesn't this make you feel restricted in your artistic work?
Pirhosseinlou: No, not really. Although they are more pronounced in Iran, restrictions exist everywhere. On the other hand, we Iranians learn to deal with them from an early age. I personally accept the situation and try, as we all do, to deal with it flexibly and dynamically. Of course, sometimes I would like to be a little freer – but I also occasionally get the feeling that the situation as is actually increases our creativity. By the way, in recent years, we have been more restricted by economic concerns than by politics.
How has Iran's music scene changed since the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and where does it stand today?
Pirhosseinlou: Before the Islamic Revolution there was a very active pop scene in Iran with some famous singers. However, apart from the "popular" traditional music, it was not a particularly creative or participative phase: except for a handful of few superstars, there was no independent music scene in the country. Iran's entire art scene collapsed as a result of the Islamic Revolution and the eight-year war with Iraq. Apart from political-religious and patriotic war songs, hardly any music was produced. Many of the former superstars went into exile.
In the 1990s, the cultural scene as a whole began to recover somewhat and in the early 2000s more art was produced again. The scene has experienced a real upswing in the last seven to eight years. During this time – thanks in part to political easing – private and independent venues have sprung up like mushrooms, especially in Tehran: cafes, theatres, stages, galleries. And these have provided the space for an independent art and music scene to develop.
Tehran now has a very diverse and active cultural scene. There are events every day. This is a very positive and exciting development. In my opinion, the quantity is particularly important: initially, it was simply important to stage any events at all, that there was variety. Now it is all about quality. So we are slowly moving from quantity to quality.
Did House No. 4 play a major role in this development?
Pirhosseinlou: That would be for others to judge. I do however believe that our participatory and inclusive project caught the spirit of the times. The element of support that I observe in the creative scene is the sense of cohesion among artists. A community grows up that is united across art forms and genres – through its enthusiasm and the desire to create something new together. Openness, participation and exchange are immensely important. They are the basis on which House No. 4 stands. Money and fame are of secondary importance.
If you look at the contemporary music scene, which genres are dominant?
Pirhosseinlou: As I said, the scene is very diverse and many genres are in a state of flux. In the alternative music scene in which I move, there is a lot of jazz, electronica and experimental music, rock, punk etc... Increasingly such influences are fusing with each other, in interaction with visual or performing elements. And of course, traditional Iranian music has had a great influence on all styles to this day. Our culture is very important to us; it is something we are always trying to integrate in our work.
From 14 to 16 December you are holding your first music festival outside Iran – in Berlin. What is "Gate of Tehran - D.o.E.S." about?
Pirhosseinlou: D.o.E.S stands for "Days of Experimental Sounds". It's a festival we've already hosted four times in Iran, the first time in 2016. The concept is not so much a genre as an approach: artists are asked to think innovatively, creatively and beyond the usual genre and genre boundaries. The actual performances are very different every time. In general, the role of digital art appears to be increasing, but central to the event is creativity and new ideas.
Interview conducted by Laura Overmeyer
© Qantara.de 2018