Afghan and Iranian musicians join forces
The world is out of joint in many places, some more than others – like Afghanistan. On 15 August 2021, the lives of Marin, Shabana, Aman and other members of the Afghan National Youth Orchestra changed abruptly.
Taliban troops flooded into Kabul. The young musicians' alma mater, the Afghan National Institute of Music (ANIM), became one of the first targets of the new regime: they vandalised classrooms and destroyed musical instruments.
"My mother said to me, 'You also have to destroy your instrument, your sitar, or at least hide it well'," Shabana recalls. "So my brother, who is also a musician, and I wrapped our instruments in blankets and hid them in the laundry." For the next few months, Shabana was hardly allowed to leave the house: "My mother was afraid I would be picked up by the Taliban and forcibly married off." Marin also recounts similar experiences, "Life changed abruptly. It was a nightmare."
Afghan musicians in exile: Giving a voice to a silenced country
Two years and what feels like a lifetime later, young musicians from Kabul sit in the spacious rehearsal rooms of the youth centre in Braga, Portugal. For more than a year, the city near Porto has been a new home to some 270 students and faculty members from ANIM – a music conservatory in exile. In a feat of strength led by ANIM founder Naser Ahmad Sarmast, the musicians managed to escape to Europe via Qatar.
"Portugal was the first country that was willing to grant us asylum," says Sarmast. The professional musician hoped to effect lasting change in his country through projects such as ANIM or Zohra, the institute's all-female orchestra. "And I still have that hope," he insists. "Because the Taliban won't last forever, must not last forever."
"When I arrived in Portugal, I started playing the violin again," said Farida Ahmadi. "That gives me strength, although my friends and family still live in a terrible situation in Afghanistan."
The young musicians also see themselves as cultural ambassadors for their home country: "It's about giving our country a voice," says ANIM director Sarmast. The Taliban's ban on music has caused Afghanistan to go silent. But, as Sarmast says, music and poetry remain "the soul of the people".
The students from ANIM, which is now called "ANIM in Portugal", share the stage at the youth centre with their peers from Germany. Young musicians have come here to Europe's Atlantic coast to rehearse the program for the Campus Concert with their Afghan colleagues. The group includes musicians from the National Youth Orchestra of Germany (which has partnered with the DW Campus Project and the Beethovenfest Bonn since 2015) as well as musicians from the Barenboim-Said Akademie in Berlin.
After the final week of rehearsals in Bonn, the international ensemble will present the result of their hard work at the Campus Concert as part of the Beethovenfest on 14 September in the auditorium of Bonn University. "Projects like this help us get through this difficult time," Sarmast says. "They give young people the feeling of finding a new home in music."
Growing together through improvisation
Cymin Samavatie, Berlin-based composer, singer and founder of the transcultural Trickster Orchestra, is the artistic director of the international project. Cymin's parents are from Iran. She grew up in Germany, but her parents' experience of being refugees and then strangers in a new country left its mark on her as well.
Her secret to unlocking the young artists and their potential, who are at different stages in their careers, is the freedom of expression offered by improvisation. "Music is a language that has incredible power," says Samavatie. "And the beauty of it is that, when you speak that language to each other, it doesn't matter that you don't know German or Pashto or Dari – you have the music, and you can communicate using that."
"I've noticed that we magically get into a flow of energy together, we really connect into one body of sound," says Elisabeth Roiter, viola player with the National Youth Orchestra of Germany, following the intensive rehearsal days in Braga. "We meet on equal footing. Improvisation is something that arises in the moment. We experience this time in a new way, together. I had goosebumps several times while playing."
'Freedom is your voice': a summit of women poets
For more than 20 years, the Beethovenfest Bonn and DW have staged the Campus Project, a cultural platform for young musicians from around the world to come together. "Every Campus Project is something special," says Beethovenfest's Thomas Schneider. He adds that one of the biggest challenges this year has been accommodating the variety of cultures and languages of Afghanistan. Afghan culture finds its expression in many languages, but especially in Pashtu and Dari.
The poetry section of the Campus evening is just one way this multiculturalism is reflected. Women musicians taking part in the project improvise music to poetry by Afghan women poets of various epochs: from Forough Farrokhzaad, an icon of Persian female poetry, to the Pashtu-language Afghan poets Parwin Malal and Shafiqa Khapalwak. Afghan singer Asia Mehrabi, who lives in Cologne, will perform the poets' poems with the Campus Ensemble.
The literary part of the programme has been curated by Afghan poet Mariam Meetra. Some of her poems are also on the programme, including a work commissioned by Deutsche Welle, a manifesto titled "Freedom is Your Voice":
...shoulder to shoulder with history
As large as the high mountains of the Hindu Kush —
Freedom is your voice
that echoes through the city...
This verse could be the motto of the 2023 Campus Project.
© Deutsche Welle 2023